 Chapter 5: Producing Data

Key Vocabulary:

§         voluntary response sample

§         confounded

§         population

§         sample

§         design

§         convenience sampling

§         biased

§         simple random sample

§         table of random digits

§         probability sample

§         stratified random sample

§         strata

§         undercoverage

§         nonresponse

§         response bias

§         sampling frame

§         systematic random sample

§         observational study

§         experimental units

§         subjects

§         treatment

§         factor

§         level

§         placebo effect

§         control group

§         randomization

§         completely randomized experiment

§         statistically significant

§         replication

§         hidden bias

§         double-blind experiment

§         block design

§         matched pairs design

§         simulation

§         trial

Calculator Skills: §         STO

§ § §         and

5.1    Designing Samples (pp.270-289)

1.      Why are voluntary response samples unreliable?

2.      Explain the difference between a population and a sample?

3.      Why might convenience sampling be unreliable?

4.      What is a biased study?

5.      What is meant by the design of a sample?

6.      Define simple random sample.

7.      What two properties of a table of random digits make it a good choice for creating a simple random sample?

8.      What is a stratified random sample?

9.      Give an example of undercoverage in a sample.

10.  Give an example of response bias in a sample.

11.  How can the wording of questions cause bias in a sample?   5.2    Designing Experiments (pp.290-308)

1. Explain the difference between an observational study and an experiment.

2.      Explain the difference between experimental units and subjects.

3.      Define treatment.

4.      Give an example of at least two levels of a factor in an experiment.

5.      Describe the placebo effect.

6.      What is the significance of using a control group?

7.      Define randomization.

8.      Define statistically significant.

9.      What are the advantages of a double-blind study?

10.  Describe a block design.

11.  Describe a matched pairs design.

5.3    Simulating Experiments (pp.309-318)

1. What is simulation?

2.      List the five steps for conducting a simulation: